Modern Slavery is the term used within the UK and is defined within the Modern Slavery Act 2015. The Act categorises offences of Slavery, Servitude and Forced or Compulsory Labour and Human Trafficking.
These crimes include holding a person in a position of slavery , servitude, forced or compulsory labour, or facilitating their travel with the intention of exploiting them soon after.
USEFUL LINKS & CONTACTS
EMERGENCY SMS SERVICE FOR DEAF, HARD OF HEARING AND SPEECH IMPAIRED PEOPLE
In an emergency you can use your phone to contact the emergency services by texting 999.
You MUST register your mobile phone number before using this service. Just send the word ‘Register’ in a text message to the number 999 and follow the simple instructions you receive back.
THE SALVATION ARMY CONFIDENTIAL AND ANONYMOUS HELPLINE
If you suspect that you or someone you have come across may be an adult victim of modern slavery and in need of help, you can contact The Salvation Army’s confidential and anonymous referral helpline on 0800 808 3733 – available 365 days a year, 24/7 with interpretation services where needed.
MODERN SLAVERY HELPLINE
For help, advice or information about any modern slavery issue you can contact the Modern Slavery helpline confidentially , 24 hours a day, 365 days a year on 08000 121 700
DUDLEY'S LOCAL REFERRAL PATHWAY
Local pathway for Any Agency / Individual who may encounter a victim or potential victim of Modern Slavery / Human
Trafficking within Dudley Borough.
This Pathway has been agreed by both Dudley Safeguarding Adult and Dudley Safeguarding Children Boards.
NATIONAL REFERRAL MECHANISM GUIDANCE AND REFERRAL FORMS
First responders in the UK can use the below link to:
refer potential victims of any age to the National Referral Mechanism
help potential victims receive support and medical care
notify the Home Office of potential victims (Duty to Notify)
The National Referral Mechanism (NRM) is a framework for identifying victims of human trafficking or modern slavery and ensuring they receive the appropriate support. To report please use the documents below.
The NRM is also the mechanism through which the Modern Slavery Human Trafficking Unit (MSHTU) collect data about victims. This information contributes to building a clearer picture about the scope of human trafficking and modern slavery in the UK.
The NRM was introduced in 2009 to meet the UK’s obligations under the Council of European Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings. At the core of every country’s NRM is the process of locating and identifying “potential victims of trafficking”.
From 31 July 2015 the NRM was extended to all victims of modern slavery in England and Wales following the implementation of the Modern Slavery Act 2015.
WEST MIDLANDS ANTI-SLAVERY NETWORK: NRM EXPLANATORY DOCUMENT
West Midlands Anti-Slavery Network have produced a multi lingual explanatory document which explains in detail, the National Referral Mechanism (NRM) for use by First Responders for survivors of Modern Slavery at the point of identification in the West Midlands.
Albanian, Bulgarian, Chinese, Lithuanian, Latvian, Slovakian, Romanian, Polish and Vietnamese: https://www.westmidlandsantislavery.org/2020/11/02/booklets-now-available-in-other-languages/
WEST MIDLANDS VICTIM CARE AND SUPPORT SERVICES DIRECTORY
This directory has been compiled by The West Midlands Anti-Slavery Network, who connect various agencies involved in tackling modern day slavery in the West Midlands https://www.westmidlands-pcc.gov.uk/victims/for-victims/modern-slavery/
WEST MIDLANDS POLICE PARTNERSHIP INFORMATION REPORT
The purpose of the partnership information form is to inform the police of any intelligence that has been gathered during day to day working. The form is quick and easy to complete and any information, however small, will help in intelligence gathering.
Exploited children and young people don't always look vulnerable and may not act like victims.
If something doesn't feel right, it may not be. Public spaces like bus and train stations, fast food outlets, hotels and roadside services can be where young victims of exploitation are most visible. If we all learn to spot the signs of a young person being exploited, we can all help to keep them safe and stop this abuse from happening.
For more information visit https://www.childrenssociety.org.uk/look-closer
COUNTY LINES - LOOK CLOSER
County Lines is a form of criminal exploitation. Criminals groom and manipulate children into drug dealing, often in towns outside their home county.
Its name comes from the mobile phone 'lines' used to control where the young person goes to deliver drugs.
Some of the tell-tale signs are an increase in visitors or cars to a house or flat, regularly changing residents, signs of substance misuse of evident drug paraphernalia.
Any child or young person from any community can be vulnerable to being groomed, exploited and abused. But they may not raise concerns because they have been manipulated and may not see themselves as victims or they may be too afraid.
Children and young people may not always appear vulnerable or act the way we expect victims to for example they may display angry or aggressive behaviour. That’s why it’s vital people look beyond the obvious and report any concerns.
What are the key signs a child or young person could be at risk that people should look out for?
Children travelling alone, particularly during school hours, late at night or on a regular basis. They may also look lost or in unfamiliar surroundings.
Appear anxious, frightened angry or displaying other behaviours that are worrying or appear under the control or instruction of others.
Signs of drug use, being found to have large amounts of drugs on them, and use of drug-related, violent or sexual language you wouldn’t expect them to know.
Displaying disruptive or aggressive behaviour - a common response to trauma.
Carrying large amounts of cash.
Accompanied by individuals older than them and don’t appear to be family members.
Having hotel cards or keys to unknown places.
If you are concerned about a child or have information about county lines drug dealing you can speak to local police on 101 or call 999 in an emergency.
Barnardo's information about trafficked children https://www.barnardos.org.uk/cta.htm
SAFE CAR WASH APP
The Safe Car Wash app is a FREE tool that will enable gathering of community intelligence in regards to Car Washes in the United Kingdom. The app will ask a series of questions related to the indicators of modern slavery and if there is a high likelihood that modern slavery is occurring in the hand car wash, you will be asked to report your concerns to the Modern Slavery Helpline. find download links at: https://www.theclewerinitiative.org/safecarwash
INFORMATION FOR BUSINESSES
SLAVERY AND HUMAN TRAFFICKING IN SUPPLY CHAINS: GUIDANCE FOR BUSINESSES
Government guidance for organisations on how to ensure that slavery and human trafficking is not taking place in their business or supply chains: https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/transparency-in-supply-chains-a-practical-guide
Stronger Together is a multi-stakeholder initiative aiming to reduce modern slavery by providing guidance, resources, training and a network to employers, labour providers, workers and their representatives: https://www.stronger2gether.org/
SME MODERN SLAVERY TOOLKIT
A free toolkit for small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) on how they can prevent modern slavery in their businesses.
The toolkit includes case studies, risk assessments, and a raft of information about labour exploitation and risks.
The full toolkit can be found at: https://shivafoundation.org.uk/wp-content/uploads/2021/02/SF_STT_SMEToolkit_2102.pdf
While a summary of the materials can be found at: https://shivafoundation.org.uk/wp-content/uploads/2021/02/SF_STT_SME_Summary_2102.pdf
DUDLEY SAFEGUARDING PEOPLE PARTNERSHIP
Introduction to Modern Slavery. This course is for anyone who lives or works in the Dudley Borough. It will give a broad overview of modern slavery and human trafficking
HOME OFFICE FIRST RESPONDER TRAINING
Training for 'First Responders' from organisations authorised to refer potential victims of modern slavery into the National Referral Mechanism (NRM).
As a first responder your role is to identify and refer potential victims of modern slavery into support, where appropriate. Doing so will often be challenging and you may have to deal with complex situations. This programme provides guidance on how to spot the signs of modern slavery, and what to do when you come across a potential victim of modern slavery. This programme aims to give you confidence to follow procedures swiftly and with compassion.
HOME OFFICE CHILD TRAFFICKING RESPONDER TRAINING
This child-specific programme seeks to build on what you already know as a First Responder and/or safeguarding partner. The programme covers child-specific indicators of modern slavery, while also taking a closer look at forms of exploitation that are particularly prevalent. The programme guides the learner through the safeguarding and NRM referral processes, exploring best practice and the specific knowledge required to respond to child cases of modern slavery.
OPEN LEARN - THE OPEN UNIVERSITY
This free course provided by The Open University through Open Learn, is designed to help you develop an understanding of the international system of human rights protection in relation to modern slavery, but also encourage an appreciation of the influence of International Human Rights Law on the development of the domestic system of human rights protection.
DOCUMENTS & RESOURCES
For educational resources and session plans please visit: https://www.dudleysafeandsound.org/educationalresources
This toolkit is intended to support the work of anti-slavery partnerships, and other practitioners involved in the anti-slavery sector. It has been developed by the Office of the Independent Anti-Slavery Commissioner and the Rights Lab at the University of Nottingham, with the support of the UK Modern Slavery Training Delivery Group.
To access the toolkit, please visit: https://iasctoolkit.nottingham.ac.uk/#
HOME OFFICE MODERN SLAVERY TRAINING RESOURCE PAGE
This resource page aims to provide training resources for public sector professionals and other individuals that might come across victims to help raise awareness, better spot the signs and increase confidence in reporting modern slavery when potential cases are encountered. Find out more here
HOME OFFICE MODERN SLAVERY AWARENESS BOOKLET
A booklet has also been created aimed at a broad range of public sector staff who could potentially witness indicators of modern slavery. Find out more here
NATIONAL CRIME AGENCY - MODERN SLAVERY AND TRAFFICKING